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CHICKEN & EGG SITUATION - Hydrogen powered electric buses are becoming very popular. With exchange refuelling using high pressure gas or liquid hydrogen cartridges, coaches and trucks might have unlimited ranges, giving us the same freedoms as with petrol or diesel fuels, without global warming and lung cancer.
Disruptive technology like the proposed "Hydrogen Battery," that is at an embryonic conceptual stage, will not qualify for conventional business funding from banks who are risk averse.
Despite the funding limitation, the introduction of a hydrogen battery, coupled to a Smart service facility, could provide the zero emission transport solution that Europe is looking for - to cater for buses, cars, vans and long haul trucks.
Imagine a car with a 470 mile range on one standard cartridge. Imagine a heavy goods vehicle with a range of 1,750 miles using stacked cartridges.
FROM THE COMMISSION
IPCEIs may represent a very important
contribution to economic growth, jobs and competitiveness for the Union
industry and economy in view of their positive spillover effects on the
internal market and the Union society.
IPCEIs can be relevant for all policies
and actions that fulfil common European objectives, in particular as regards
the Europe 2020 (1) objectives, the Unionís flagship initiatives and key
areas for economic growth such as the Key Enabling Technologies (2) (KETs).
deployment of IPCEIs often requires a significant participation from public
authorities since the market would not otherwise finance such projects. In
case public financing of such projects constitutes State aid, this
communication sets out the applicable rules so as to ensure that the level
playing field in the internal market is preserved.
The SAM constitutes a good opportunity to update and consolidate the existing guidance in one single document so as to bring it into line with the Europe 2020 objectives and the SAM goals and to extend it to other fields where it could be of application.
communication therefore replaces any existing provisions on IPCEI. In this
way, this communication provides Member States with dedicated and
cross-disciplinary guidance aimed at encouraging the development of
important collaborative projects that promote the common Euro pean
this Communication sets out guidance as to the criteria the Commission will
apply for the assessment of State aid to promote the execution of IPCEIs. It
first defines its scope and then provides a list of criteria which the
Commission will use to assess the nature and the importance of such projects
for the purposes of the application of Article 107(3)(b) of the Treaty. It
then explains how the Commission will assess the compatibility of public
financing of IPCEIs under State aid rules.
The State aid framework is currently being modernised with a view to offering Member States greater possibilities to subsidise important projects which remedy market failures and cohesion challenges in different areas in order to promote sustainable growth and jobs.
those provisions may not fully address the relevance, specificities and
features of IPCEIs, which may require dedicated eligibility, compatibility
and procedural provisions, which are set out in the this Communication.
The aid proposal concerns a single
project which is clearly defined in respect of its objectives as well as the
terms of its implementation, including its participants and its funding (1).
The project must respect the principle
of the phasing out of environmental harmful subsidies, recalled by the
Resource Efficiency Roadmap (3) as well as several Council conclusions (4).
A PATENT THAT IS FREE TO ALL
Though the system is to be patent, trademark and design protected, all collaborating OEMs and OESs, will be able to share in this technological energy revolution on a free basis - as part of a socially important project of common interest to European stakeholders.
To take advantage of the proposed network, all OEM vehicle makers need do, is provide a vehicle in their range of EVs with a compatible platform. These vehicles will then be able to use SmartNet service stations, but more importantly, so will their customers. The ultimate benefit is to the drivers of passenger cars, operators of municipal vehicles, and long distance haulers. They will also be able to spread costs with PAYD.
Patents are a good way of disseminating information across the globe where they are published and catalogued for all to see. The one drawback is the cost to grant, and renewal fees, multiplied by the number of countries in which protection is sought. In our view patent protection should be as free as copyright, or at least not expire in 20 years (it should be 50), and renewals should only be charged from point of significant trading.
A COMPATIBLE HYDROGEN BATTERY
Before the Universal Cartridge (UC), there was no such thing as a 'Hydrogen Battery.' Like electricity, hydrogen is an energy carrier Ė rather than a source of energy. The hydrogen has to be produced and stored as a gas or a liquid and unlocked to release the stored energy.
The invention of the UC changes that. It turns hydrogen into a convenient battery replacement for EVs. This may be particularly useful for vehicles that need a long-distance range to transport heavy goods, such as haulage trucks. Hydrogen opens up regenerative, sustainable mobility choices in our everyday lives. This format is also compatible with conventional batteries, provided that such battery packs are UC compatible - interchangeably.
OVERCOMING BATTERY PACK INCOMPATIBILITY
Batteries of all shapes and sizes are powering around 3 million electric vehicles around the world today - and that is one of the main problems: they are not compatible with those of other OEMs.
The identified incompatibility of so many and varied formats, or lack of standardization, is perceived as a major blocker to EV take-up, as a target set in Europe for 2030, to enable halting sales of diesel and petrol vehicles.
In vying with each other with different format cartridges, OEMs are putting all their eggs in one basket. But the EU are keen to set vehicle architecture straight in terms of interoperability, especially to allow for hydrogen storage to compete with battery electrics.
This is our aim, using the SmartNet service station that caters for Universal (format) Battery Cartridges and Universal Hydrogen Cartridges - all in under one roof.
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